The Importance of Immunization in Children From an Early Age

Immune body is a system of resistance of a person’s body against various viruses and bacteria that attack or enter the human body.

 called ibody humans have a natural way to detect and signal a condition or disease to a certain extent. Therefore several types of diseases such as coughs, colds, and low-grade fever can heal on their own without medication.

In this case, it is said that the body’s defense system is sufficient to overcome and defeat the germs of the disease. But if the germs are malignant or dangerous, the immune system, especially in someone with a weak immune system, is unable to prevent the germ from multiplying so that it can cause serious illness that can lead to disability and death.

The immune system is a system in the body that consists of cells and products of the substances it produces, which work together collectively and coordinated to fight foreign objects such as germs or diseases, which enter the body.

The importance of immunization, especially during childhood to prevent the arrival of a disease that is never known when it arrives. For this reason, this article will discuss further immunization. Happy reading.

What is immunization?

Immunization is giving the body immunity to a disease by inserting something into the body so that the body is resistant to diseases that are endemic or dangerous to someone. Immunization comes from the word immune which means resistant or immune.

Immunization of disease will only give immunity to certain diseases so that other diseases are needed to avoid other immunizations. Immunization is usually more focused on children because their immune systems are still not as good as adults, so they are vulnerable to dangerous diseases.

Not enough immunization is only done once, but it must be done in stages and completely against various diseases that are very dangerous to the health and life of the child. The purpose of giving immunization is to reduce the death and disability rates of patients with a disease that is very dangerous to one’s health.

What are the benefits and side effects of immunization?

The benefits of immunization, namely the body’s defenses formed by several vaccines will be taken for life, cheap and effective, and harmless (serious reactions are very rare, far less frequent than complications that arise when naturally attacked by the disease).

Another advantage of immunization, as the morbidity rate decreases, will also reduce the cost of treatment and hospital care. In addition, by preventing a child from dangerous infectious diseases, it will improve the quality of life of children and increase the productivity of their children in the future.

While the side effects of immunization are generally classified as mild, for example, reddish pain or marks on the part that is injected sometimes also like bruising on the skin, fever, dizziness, nausea, and loss of appetite. For severe side effects such as seizures and allergic reactions, it rarely happens.

Types of Immunization

Some diseases that can be avoided by immunization are hepatitis B, measles, polio, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, mumps, chickenpox, tuberculosis, and so on. Here’s the explanation:

Hepatitis B. vaccine

It is best given within 12 hours after birth and preceded by injection of vitamin K1. This is important to prevent bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency. Babies born to HBsAg positive mothers are given hepatitis B vaccine and HBIg at different extremities, to prevent perinatal infections that are at high risk for chronic hepatitis B. Hepatitis B vaccination can then use the monovalent hepatitis B vaccine or combination vaccine.

Polio vaccine.

At the time of birth or when discharged, oral polio vaccine (OPV-0) should be given. Furthermore, for polio-1, polio-2, polio-3 and polio booster can be given an oral polio vaccine (OPV) or inactivation (IPV), but you should get at least one dose of the IPV vaccine. This vaccine is used to provide immunity to polio myelitis.

BCG vaccine.

Provision of BCG vaccine is recommended before children aged 3 months, optimally given at the age of 2 months. If given after 3 months, an antibody test is needed. The point is to provide immunity to tuberculosis (TB). Immunity obtained by children is not absolutely 100%, so the possibility of children suffering from mild TB disease, but avoid severe TB.

DTP vaccine.

The first DTP vaccine is given at the earliest at 6 weeks. Can be given DTwP or DTaP vaccine or combination with other vaccines. For children over 7 years old, the DTP given must be the Td vaccine, booster every 10 years. The point is to provide immunity to diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus.

Measles Vaccine.

Measles immunization, given 3 times at the age of 9 months, 2 years, and at grade 1. For children who have received MMR immunization at the age of 15 months, measles immunization at the age of 2 years is not needed. The point is to give immunity to measles.

And other vaccines such as pneumococcal vaccine, rotavirus vaccine, varicella vaccine, influenza vaccine, typhus vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine. In Indonesia, hepatitis B, polio, BCG, DTP and measles vaccines are mandatory immunizations. While the rest as mentioned earlier is the recommended vaccination.

As you know, immunization is an important part of the life stage of a child because it functions as primary prevention of infectious diseases.

Inactive immunization or vaccination, the body’s immune system is stimulated to recognize and produce antibodies to a particular disease-causing bacteria or virus so that the body has a better defense if at any time it is infected. Therefore, it is very important for parents and health workers to make sure a child gets immunized according to his schedule.