Eye problems to look out for as you age

The eyes are one of the most delicate organs of the human body. You need to give your eyes the best care possible to make sure they serve you all your life. A range of factors can cause vision complications, and old age is one of the major factors. Typically as you age, the eye experiences some changes, becoming more vulnerable to specific problems. If not discovered and treated in their early stages, some of these problems could result in partial or total loss of vision in later years.  Statistics indicate that most persons who are blind or have some form of visual impairments are over 50 years of age. The first step you should take when it comes to your health, whether it’s your entire body health or just your eyes, is to ensure that you have health insurance. You can use review sites such as Britainreviews.co.uk to take a look at health insurance uk companies reviews and select the best-reviewed insurance companies. This way, you’ll get a company you can rely on to insure your health. Below are some of the common eye problems you should look out for as you age.

Dry eye

After hitting 40, the body’s ability to produce tears tend to decline. As a consequence, by the time most people are 65 years of age, they start experiencing dry eye symptoms, which can cause a burning, stinging sensation or a gritty feeling in the eyes. Ironically, dry eye can cause watery eyes as the dryness prompts the responsible glands to produce more tears. For mild dry eye, you can get over the counter eye drops. For more severe symptoms, it would be more beneficial to seek treatment from an ophthalmologist.

Astigmatism

Eyes have a clear outer layer cover. This layer is referred to as the cornea. At times if the cornea has uneven curves, this can cause blurry vision, known as Astigmatism. A person with Astigmatism usually has a fairly blurry vision all along. It is a common condition of the eye, which presents itself so faintly in most people who suffer from it that it doesn’t hinder vision. However, it tends to become severe among the elderly. Those suffering from it tend to squint regularly while trying to focus on objects correctly. Though squinting doesn’t’ do any harm to the eye, it can result in headaches.

In most cases, Astigmatism’s progress is really slow, and its main symptom is an inability to clearly see things when one is not wearing glasses or contact lenses. Other times Astigmatism may present itself with a partly blurred and partly focused Vision. For example, horizontal lines in an image may seem to be entirely focused, whereas vertical lines may appear blurry.

Glaucoma

Typically glaucoma is a major cause of blindness among persons over 60 years of age. Glaucoma happens when fluids in the eye fail to drain appropriately, causing pressure build-up, injuring the optic nerve. It affects both eyes, though typically not simultaneously. It is also painless and can result in a substantial loss of peripheral visions. If not intervened, it can cause total blindness. One of the major ways to detect and identify glaucoma before it has substantially affected your vision is to go for regular eye exams. When glaucoma is detected, early blindness can be prevented.

Cataracts

Cataracts refer to when the eyes’ transparent lens gets clouded. Usually, the lens is made up of protein and water. If the protein begins to cluster together, it can start to obscure light’ transmission via the lens. In severe cases where the cataract is affecting vision adversely, it may be necessary to undergo surgery to eliminate the cloudy lens. It is then swapped with the new one. Some of the cataract symptoms include fuzzy or cloudy vision, glare, having double vision with a single eye. Vision loss caused by cataracts can only be corrected through surgery. Age is a main cataract’s risk factor, with women being at a high risk than men. Also, people from a family with a history of cataracts, those who smoke, and those who fail to offer their eyes any protection from the sun are at higher risk of developing cataracts.

Trichiasis

This is a common eye condition that is linked with ageing. Ageing causes loss of elasticity of the eyelid skin, causing eyelashes to grow in an inward direction to the eye. The lashes tend to rub against the conjunctiva or the cornea, which irritates, causing tearing and redness or even corneal abrasion. Trauma to the eye or eye infection can also cause Trichiasis to develop. Treatment encompasses using forceps to remove the irritating lashes.

In conclusion, the eyes are vital organs, yet they can also be very sensitive. It is always important that as you age you take great care of your eyes and avoid the above conditions.