Mental Disorders- Adolescents are the group of individuals who are most vulnerable to mental disorders.
Factors that can cause stress during adolescence include a desire to be more independent and pressure to adjust to peers, and increased access to and use of technology.
Other determinants include household conditions and sexual violence that young people are prone to. So, what types of mental disorders are teenagers prone to? Here’s an example.
Types of Mental Disorders Adolescents Are Vulnerable to
Launching from the WHO, the following types of mental disorders are susceptible to being experienced by adolescents:
Emotional disorders generally appear in adolescence. In addition to depression or anxiety, adolescents with emotional disorders may experience irritability, frustration, or excessive anger. In addition to psychological symptoms, emotional disorders can also cause physical symptoms, such as stomach pain, headaches, or nausea. Emotional disorders can greatly affect performance in school. If not treated immediately, adolescents with emotional disorders can experience worse symptoms, such as isolating themselves to having suicidal thoughts.
Behavioral problems in childhood are the second leading cause of mental disorders in adolescents. Then, Behavioral disorders in childhood for example ADHD are characterized by difficulty focusing, and behavioral disorders are characterized by destructive or challenging behavior. These behavioral problems can also affect school performance and are at risk of causing criminal behavior in adolescents.
Eating disorders usually appear in adolescence and young adulthood. So, Eating disorders are more common in women than men. Examples of eating disorders that can be experienced by teenagers are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders characterized by restricting calories or overeating. Eating disorders are dangerous to health and often co-exist with depression, anxiety, or substance abuse.
Symptoms of psychosis most often appear in late adolescence or early adulthood. Symptoms can include hallucinations or delusions. These symptoms can interfere with a teenager’s ability to participate in daily life and affect school performance. Psychosis can also cause negative stigma in society or violations of human rights.
Hurt Yourself To Suicide
There are a number of risk factors that trigger suicidal behavior in adolescents. For example, harmful alcohol use, childhood abuse, and barriers to accessing mental care. In addition, social media is also now the biggest cause of suicide in teenagers. The reason is, that social media can demand many things from teenagers, such as self-image and life that tends to be consumptive.
Teenagers are also prone to take many risks, such as the risk of having early sexual intercourse, smoking, drinking alcohol, to drug abuse. Violence is a risk-taking behavior that can affect educational attainment, injury, involvement with crime, and even death.